is a very old Mosque
(Built in 1154)
Al Hussain Mosque
(Variant Names Sayyidna Al-Hussayn Mosque, Husayn/Hussein/al-Hussein/Sayyiduna
al-Husayn Mosque) is a very old Mosque (Built: 1154) of Cairo, Egypt
near the famous Khan El-Khalili bazaar. The mosque, considered to be
one of the holiest Islamic sites in Cairo, was build on the cemetery
of the Fatimid caliphs, a fact that was later discovered during the
excavation. The mausoleum (dating back to 1154) is the oldest part
of the complex.
The Mosque of
Sayyidna al-Husayn (our lord Husayn) exemplifies Islamic revivalism
popular in the khedival period .
Mosque houses some of very sacred items like the oldest believed
complete manuscript of the Holly Quran.
Three mechanically operated, square shaped umbrellas set in a row in
front of the Sayidna Hussein Mosque, once open, cover a total area
of 750 square metres. The height of the umbrellas is 12 metres, and
they provide shade for worshippers who gather to pray outside in
front of the mosque on the plaza. The steel structure is galvanised
and coated, and the membrane is made of Teflon. The membrane is
partially ornamented with sewn-on coloured textile bands.
was the son of 'Ali, the Prophet Muhammad's son-in-law and the
fourth and last of the caliphs. After his father was
assassinated, Husayn was urged to claim the caliphate, but he was
killed at the Battle of Karbala in Iraq in 680, an event
commemorated by Shiites with yearly rites of flagellation. A head
believed to be Husayn's was brought to Cairo in 1153 and a shrine
was built for it on the site of the mosque. All that remains of the
Fatimid structure (and even this is doubtful) is the lower part of
the gateway at the south corner of the present mosque -- the Bab al-Akhdar.
A minaret with wonderfully carved arabesque panels in stucco, added
by the Ayyubids in 1237, rises above the remains of the Fatimid
gateway; the additional Turkish-style minarets are part of Khedive
Ismai'l's mosque. Al-Husayn's wooden cenotaph, a magnificent
specimen of twelfth-century wood carving, is on display in the
Museum of Islamic Art.
Variant Names :
the famous Khan El-Khalili
Building Type :
Usage : mosque